References and Resources


  • Cree, T., Wadley, D., & Marlett, J. (1986). Effect of Preventing Coprophagy in the Rat on Neutral Detergent Fiber Digestibility and Apparent Calcium Absorption. J. Nutr., 116(7), 1204-8.
  • Donnelly, T., & Brown, C. (2007, February 8). Rodent Husbandry and Care. Retrieved January 28, 2012, from
  • Besselsen, D. (n.d.). Biology of Laboratory Rodents. Retrieved December 18, 2008, from
  • Fajardo, G., & Hörnicke, H. (1989). Problems in estimating the extent of coprophagy in the rat. Br J Nutr, 62(3), 551-61. Retrieved December 18, 2008, from the Medline database.
  • Franz, R, M Kreuzer, et al. (2011). Intake, selection, digesta retention, digestion and gut fill of two coprophageous species, rabbits (oryctolagus cuniculus) and guinea pigs (cavia porcellus), on a hay-only diet. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 95(5): 564-570.
  • Johnson, K. (1996, December 1). Classes of Disinfectants and Their Uses. Retrieved December 18, 2008, from
  • Keeble, E. J., & Meredith, A. (2009). BSAVA manual of rodents and ferrets. Quedgeley: British Small Animal Veterinary Association.
  • Selection and Use of Surface Disinfectants. (2007, June 1). Retrieved December 18, 2008, from
  • Stouffer, J. (1999, March 1). Vinegar and Hydrogen Peroxide as Disinfectants. Retrieved December 18, 2008, from
  • Sukemori, S, A Kurosawa, et al. (2006). Relationships between coprophagy and nutrients intake of rats. Vitamins (Kyoto) 80(9): 457-464.
  • Vinegar as an Disinfectant. (n.d.). Retrieved December 18, 2008, from


  • For Estimated Nutrient Requirements for Maintenance, Growth, and Reproduction of Rats visit,


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