Cree, T., Wadley, D., & Marlett, J. (1986). Effect of Preventing Coprophagy in the Rat on Neutral Detergent Fiber Digestibility and Apparent Calcium Absorption. J. Nutr., 116(7), 1204-8.
Donnelly, T., & Brown, C. (2007, February 8). Rodent Husbandry and Care. VeterinaryPartner.com. Retrieved January 28, 2012, from http://www.veterinarypartner.com/Content.plx?P=A&A=2497
Besselsen, D. (n.d.). Biology of Laboratory Rodents. Retrieved December 18, 2008, from https://uac.arizona.edu/VSC443/rodentbio/rodentbio.html.
Fajardo, G., & Hörnicke, H. (1989). Problems in estimating the extent of coprophagy in the rat. Br J Nutr, 62(3), 551-61. Retrieved December 18, 2008, from the Medline database.
Franz, R, M Kreuzer, et al. (2011). Intake, selection, digesta retention, digestion and gut fill of two coprophageous species, rabbits (oryctolagus cuniculus) and guinea pigs (cavia porcellus), on a hay-only diet. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 95(5): 564-570.
Johnson, K. (1996, December 1). Classes of Disinfectants and Their Uses. Retrieved December 18, 2008, from http://www.birdsnways.com/wisdom/ww6eiv.htm#iv.
Keeble, E. J., & Meredith, A. (2009). BSAVA manual of rodents and ferrets. Quedgeley: British Small Animal Veterinary Association.
Selection and Use of Surface Disinfectants. (2007, June 1). Retrieved December 18, 2008, from http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/ahfss/Animal_Health/pdfs/Biosecurity_Surface_disinfect_Update_b16_June2007.pdf.
Stouffer, J. (1999, March 1). Vinegar and Hydrogen Peroxide as Disinfectants. Retrieved December 18, 2008, from http://www.michaelandjudystouffer.com/judy/articles/vinegar.htm.
Sukemori, S, A Kurosawa, et al. (2006). Relationships between coprophagy and nutrients intake of rats. Vitamins (Kyoto) 80(9): 457-464.
Vinegar as an Disinfectant. (n.d.). Retrieved December 18, 2008, from http://www.newton.dep.anl.gov/askasci/mole00/mole00100.htm.
For Estimated Nutrient Requirements for Maintenance, Growth, and Reproduction of Rats visit, http://books.nap.edu/books/0309051266/html/13.html#pagetop
The Rat Guide and its affiliates accept no responsibility for misuse or misunderstanding of its information. This guide in whole or part, exists solely for the purpose of recognizing and understanding the care and illnesses in the pet rat. Please seek advice and treatment from a qualified Veterinarian if your rat is ill.
2000 - 2022 by Karen Grant RN. All rights reserved.
See Logos page for linking to the Rat Guide.
Contact us here: Rat Guide Team Please note: Rat Guide email is not checked daily. Send e-mail to if you have an urgent medical problem with your pet rat. When possible, it is always best to take your rat to a qualified rat veterinarian.