Birth Trauma Figure 2

Figure 2: Head trauma


The pregnancy and birth were normal with all of the litter surviving.

Signs of Injury

The pup presented at birth with a dent on the left side of its head. The pup was smaller at birth and did not show normal growth until post weaning.


Compression injury, most likely a cranial compression fracture.


The pup remained with its mother and was checked several times a day to monitor vital signs and check for milk intake. Due to the small size of the pup supplemental feedings were administered as needed, by nipple for the first 2 weeks (Esbilac and pup soy formula) and then by free feeding after 2 weeks of age (formula, lab block, and assorted healthy vegetables, grains, and proteins).


Over a 30-day period the compression on the skull gradually resolved. There appeared to be no neurological damage. The pup did not ever reach the size of its siblings, although it came close. Into adulthood no health issues were noted.

head trauma

Photos by Joanne “Bella” Hodges


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