Training & Playtime Figure 1

Rat Proofing

Play time and exploration outside of the cage is a big part of your rat’s life. Learn to be aware of what can harm your rat and what your rat can harm. It is wise to rat proof as much as possible before you let your rat free roam. Keep in mind that some males do urine mark and that any rat will have accidents if left out too long.

Things That Can Harm Your Rat

  • Other animals in the area
  • Open toilet lids
  • Electrical wires and cords
  • Harmful chemicals or poisons
  • Small areas where the rat can hide from you
  • Any exits to the outside
  • Trash cans
  • People walking through the area
  • Getting under appliances
  • Certain types of plants
  • Low heater vents
  • Soap Medications and ointments
  • Doors being opened or closed
  • Cigarettes and ashtrays
  • Cleaning agents
  • Lit candles
  • Hot burners

Things Your Rat Can Damage

  • Window blinds and curtains
  • Telephone wires
  • Cable cords
  • Phones
  • Potted plants
  • Computer wires
  • Baseboards and trim
  • Wallpaper
  • Drywall
  • Furniture (wood and fabric)
  • Paper documents
  • Clothing
  • Candles
  • Craft supplies
  • Remotes
  • Telephones
  • Carpets and rugs

Other Tips For Free Roam

  • Anything that does not say “non toxic” may be toxic to your rats.
  • Cover furniture or rugs with a sheet or blanket to prevent marking damage.
  • Stuff the pillows down on couches so the rat can’t get inside the furniture.
  • Remove drinks and vases so they won’t be knocked over.
  • Provide a portable litter box for free roam time.
  • Make sure there is access to food and water if the free time is long.
  • Do not forget to put your rat back into its cage.
  • Try not to fall asleep while your rat is out.
  • Block the entries to spaces under dressers and other furniture where your rat may hide.
  • Close the cupboards.
  • Don’t let them play in the laundry room.
  • Keep them from urinating on any electronics.
  • Do not allow smoking in the rats free roam area.


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