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Antimicrobials According to Site

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The following is a list of antimicrobials as may be seen used based upon site of infection:

Respiratory Penicillins
Cephalosporins (e.g. Cefadroxil)
Tetracyclines (e.g. tetracycline or doxycycline)
Fluoroquinolones (e.g. enrofloxacin/Baytril)
Macrolides (Tylosin, or azithromycin)
Metronidazole (Flagyl-do not use when neurological disorder present)
Clarithromycin
Clindamycin (anaerobes)
Chloramphenicol
Trimethoprim/sulfas
Aminoglycosides (e.g. gentamicin or amikacin) as adjuvant to other therapies
Alimentary Tract
GI/Digestive tract
Trimethoprim/sulfa
Fluoroquinolones (e.g. enrofloxacin/Baytril)
Cephalosporins (e.g. Cefadroxil)
Metronidazole (Flagyl-do not use when neurological disorder present)
Skin and Soft tissue
Amoxicillin/clavulanate (Clavamox)
Cephalosporins (e.g. Cefadroxil)
Trimethoprim/sulfa
Clarithromycin
Fluoroquinolones (e.g. enrofloxacin/Baytril)
Fluoroquinolones (e.g. enrofloxacin/Baytril) + Metronidazole (Flagyl-do not use when neurological disorder present)
(polymicrobial-aerobic and anaerobic)
Urinary Tract
Amoxicillin
Amoxicillin/clavulanate (Clavamox)
Cephalosporins (e.g. Cefadroxil)
Trimethoprim/sulfa
Fluoroquinolones (e.g. enrofloxacin/Baytril)
Note: best to reserve fluoroquinolones and amoxicillin/clavulanate (Clavamox) for more difficult to treat or persistent urinary infection.
Avoid aminoglycosides (e.g. gentamicin) due to nephrotoxicity if renal involvement is present.
Reproductive Tract
Trimethoprim/sulfa
Fluoroquinolones (e.g. enrofloxacin/Baytril)
Clindamycin (anaerobes)
Bacteremia/Septicemia
Aminoglycoside (e.g. gentamicin or amikacin) + a penicillin (e.g.amoxicillin) + metronidazole (Flagyl-do not use when neurological disorder present)
Fluoroquinolones (e.g. enrofloxacin/Baytril) + amoxicillin + metronidazole (Flagyl-do not use when neurological disorder present)
Aminoglycoside (e.g. gentamicin or amikacin) + a fluoroquinolone (e.g. enrofloxacin/Baytril) + metronidazole (Flagyl-do not use when neurological disorder present)
Bone/Joints
Cephalosporin (e.g. cefuroxime or cephalexin)
Fluoroquinolone (e.g. enrofloxacin/Baytril)
Clindamycin + a cephalosporin

Any antimicrobial therapy should be based on assessment and recommendation of a licensed veterinarian.

Reference
  • Carpenter, J., Mashima, T., & Rupiper, D. (2001). Exotic Animal Formulary, 2nd Edition (pp.412-413). St. Louis: Saunders.

      Posted on June 24, 2004, 16:07, Last updated on February 19, 2014, 15:35 | Basics



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